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UPDATED: 6:00 a.m. ET, March 1, 2021
The month of March is recognized as Women’s History Month and is dedicated to the celebration of everyday women, as well as pillars and pioneers whose accomplishments have allowed for following generations to feel empowered to constantly break barriers.
Black women, in particular, have been accomplishing the unthinkable for centuries and NewsOne is highlighting some of these women and their feats.
And while this list would obviously be incomplete without the inclusion of Kamala Harris — the first woman and Black woman to be vice president and the highest-ranking woman in the history of American government — her impressive accomplishment is among dozens of other achievements that Black women have steadily been realizing for many decades.
The month-long celebration of women dates back to 1980 when former President Jimmy Carter issued the first Proclamation, which declared the week of March 8, 1989, as National Women’s History Week, according to the National Women’s History Museum.
In March of 1987, Congress passed Public Law 100-9, proclaiming March as Women’s History Month.
“Throughout history, women have driven humanity forward on the path to a more equal and just society, contributing in innumerable ways to our character and progress as a people,” said former President Barack Obama in his 2016 Women’s History Month Presidential Proclamation. “In the face of discrimination and undue hardship, they have never given up on the promise of America: that with hard work and determination, nothing is out of reach. During Women’s History Month, we remember the trailblazers of the past, including the women who are not recorded in our history books, and we honor their legacies by carrying forward the valuable lessons learned from the powerful examples they set.”
Obama continued, “Because of the courage of so many bold women who dared to transcend preconceived expectations and prove they were capable of doing all that a man could do and more, advances were made, discoveries were revealed, barriers were broken, and progress triumphed. Whether serving in elected positions across America, leading groundbreaking civil rights movements, venturing into unknown frontiers, or programming revolutionary technologies, generations of women that knew their gender was no obstacle to what they could accomplish have long stirred new ideas and opened new doors, having a profound and positive impact on our Nation.”
Keep reading to find our curated list of Black women pioneers in history as well as the present day.
Women’s History Month: Celebrating Black Women Pioneers And Their Many Historic Firsts
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1. Kamala Harris, first woman and Black woman Vice President of the United States
“Herstory” was made on Jan. 20, 2021, when Kamala Harris was sworn in to become the first Black and South Asian woman Vice President of the United States.
Donning the colors purple and wearing a string of pearls in tribute to her sorority Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc., Harris took the pledge while placing her left hand on a bible that belonged to Thurgood Marshall, the first Black Supreme Court Justice.
2. Barbara Jordan, First Black Woman Elected Into Congress from the South
After becoming the first Black woman in the Texas state senate, Barbara Jordan did the same by winning her race to represent the Lone Star State in the U.S. House of Representatives in 1972. That made Jordan the first Black woman from the South who was elected into Congress.
“I’ll only be one of 435. But the 434 will know I’m there,” Jordan famously said while campaigning for the seat.
3. Bianca Smith, MLB’s first Black woman coach
“I only saw women in the front office. I didn’t see women on the field, so it never occurred to me to be a coach until I actually got on the field myself and realized, ‘Okay this is something I can do.'”@RedSox coach Bianca Smith is ready to pave the way. pic.twitter.com/unnoZoAH4L
— MLB (@MLB) February 3, 2021
The athlete-turned-coach has a storied sports career. Smith played softball at the New England-based Dartmouth college and went on to serve in coaching roles at Case Western Reserve in Ohio, the University of Dallas, and most recently Carroll University in Wisconsin. Her appointment with the Red Sox isn’t her first experience with the MLB. She served as an intern in the baseball operations departments for the Cincinnati Reds and the Texas Rangers. Smith credits her mother for introducing her to the game.
“My mom was a fan, not the extent I am where I watch games every day,” she said. “Even if my team isn’t playing, I’m watching a game on MLB.tv; my mom would feel like we actually had to go to the games. She didn’t like watching them on TV. But once she introduced the game to me, I fell in love with the strategy. I should have known then that I wanted to coach.”
4. Mae C. Jemison, First Black Woman in Space
On Sept. 12, 1999, American physician and former NASA astronaut Mae Carol Jemison fulfilled a lifelong dream she held ever since she was a small girl in Chicago by becoming the first African-American woman to fly into space.
“I always assumed I’d go in to space,” she said to a group of Denison University students in 2004. “I thought, by now, we’d be going into space like you were going to work.”
5. Amanda Gorman, the nation’s youngest inaugural poet
Amanda Gorman, the nation’s first youth poet laureate, captivated the hearts of Americans and likely anyone else who was listening to her deliver the Inauguration poem on Jan. 20, 2021. In doing so, the 23-year-old became the nation’s youngest inaugural poet.
The Harvard University graduate whose work focuses on the area where feminism, race, youth and community intersect, delivered her poem, “The Hill We Climb,” which touched on a number of topics du jour, including race and national unity.
6. Bessie Coleman, First Black Woman Pilot
Born in 1892, Bessie Coleman was the first Black woman to earn a pilot license. Since there were no flight training opportunities for women and people of color in the United States she saved her money to study aviation in France. The Texas native got her international pilot license in 1921. She aspired to open up an educational facility for Black fliers. She died in 1926 at the age of 34 in a plane crash. Coleman was the epitome of a barrier breaker and her legacy lives on through individuals like Noa who have become students of her journey.
7. Mellody Hobson, first Black woman to chair Starbucks’ board
The Chicago native and Princeton University graduate has been a fierce advocate for diversity and inclusion within major corporations and previously served on the boards of companies such as DreamWorks Animation, Estée Lauder and Groupon.
8. Mary Jackson, First Black Woman to Work for NASA
Mary Jackson, the renowned mathematician and NASA aeronautical scientist of “Hidden Figures” fame had a circuitous route to her historic career as the first Black woman to work for the space agency. The HBCU graduate and three of her fellow Black women co-engineers and mathematicians at NASA were awarded Congressional Gold Medals in 2019.
9. Meisha Ross Porter, first Black woman to be NYC Schools Chancellor
Source:NYC Dept. Of Education
Meisha Ross Porter made history when she was named as New York City school chancellor, making her the first Black woman to lead the largest public school system in the country. Appropriately enough, the announcement came during Black History Month 2021.
Porter’s appointment comes 30 years after educator Richard R. Green became the first Black New York City Schools Chancellor, serving from 1988-1989.
10. Hattie McDaniel, First Black Woman to Win an Academy Award
Hattie McDaniel was rarely recognized by an industry that shunned her race. But she remained dignified in the face of the racism and other adversities while acting in over 300 films – many of which did not properly credit her. Segregation plagued the nation during the height of her career. But that did not stop her from becoming the first African American to win the coveted Academy Award.
11. Jennifer King, First Black Woman NFL Coach
Jennifer King was hired in 2021 to serve as a coach for the Washington Football Team, making her the first Black woman assistant coach in the National Football League’s 101-year history.
King says her appointment is a step forward towards changing the narrative surrounding racial and gender representation in sports leadership.
“Representation means so much,” King said in a statement. “It’s really important right now to be a good representative, what I didn’t have growing up. I didn’t have anyone that looked anything like me working. To be able to see that, I think, is big. It’s super cool to be a part of this.”
12. Alice Coachman, First Black Woman To Win an Olympic Gold Medal
A 25-year-old Alice Coachman was competing in the high jump finals at the 1948 Olympic Games in London, where she became the first Black woman to win an Olympic gold medal.
Coachman was recovering from a back injury but still managed to soar. This jump from Coachman made her the first Black woman to win an Olympic gold medal. Her win was watched by over 82,000 spectators.
13. Oprah Winfrey, First Black Woman Billionaire
Oprah Winfrey, whose first name is synonymous with Black excellence, registered a net worth of $1 billion in 2003, making her the first Black woman to accumulate that much wealth. As a result, the media maven has become one of the world’s most generous philanthropists.
14. Madam C.J. Walker, First Woman Millionaire In America
Madam C.J. Walker, who made her fortune in Black hair care, remains the first self-made woman millionaire—of any race—in the United States.
15. Nia DaCosta, first Black woman to direct a Marvel movie
The NYU Tisch School of the Arts graduate also has directing credits on “Top Boy,” the British television drama about two London drug dealers which streams on Netflix.
“Captain Marvel 2” was given a tentative release date of July 8, 2022.
16. Mariya Russell, First Black Woman Chef to Earn a Michelin Star
Meet Mariya Russell, the first Black woman to win a Michelin star in the guide’s 94-year history pic.twitter.com/ZYIq5KqmPL
— NowThis (@nowthisnews) February 27, 2020
17. Whoopi Goldberg, First Black Woman to Win EGOT (Academy Award, 1990), (Emmy, 2002 & 2009), (Grammy, 1985) and (Tony, 2002)
18. Rebecca Lee Crumpler, First Black Woman to Become a Doctor of Medicine in the U.S.
This #BlackHistoryMonth we’re highlighting notable African-American public health figures. Meet Rebecca Lee Crumpler, the first African-American woman physician. She authored the “Book of Medical Discourses” containing medical advice for women & children. https://t.co/UeUNE1eVRL
— FairfaxCounty Health (@fairfaxhealth) February 26, 2020
After graduating from New England Female Medical College in 1864, Rebecca Lee Crumpler became the first Black woman to receive a medical degree.
19. Serena Williams, First Black Woman to Win a Career Grand Slam in Tennis
20. Loretta Lynch, First Black Woman to be Attorney General of the U.S.
Nominated by the first Black president, to boot.
21. Stacey Abrams, First Black Woman to be a Major Party Nominee for State Governor
The voting rights campion’s reputation precedes itself.